The last time I bought clothing at a big box store, the cashier wadded it up into a plastic bag, rather than placing a bag over the hangers and tying the bag at the bottom, which had been the previous practice at that retailer, at least in my experience. Now I know why.Â The Montclair SocioBlog reports:
I had thought that Taylorism was a quaint bit of early twentieth century history. You remember Frederick Taylor, the father of â€œscientific management,â€ the guy who reduced each job to its smallest component motions, timing out exactly the one best way a worker could do each step.
Taylor wrote The Principles of Scientific Management in 1911. As early as the 1950s, those principles were already the subject of some disdain. In the 1954 musical The Pajama Game, the principle comic role is Hinesy, the â€œtime study man,â€ who sings â€œThink of the Time I Save.â€
Taylorism might have been appropriate for work in factories, even pajama factories. From working with a machine, itâ€™s only a small step to working like a machine. But in the service sector, workers deal with actual human beings (customers), so it makes little sense to try to impose the dehumanizing style of Taylorism.
Or so I thought. Earlier this season, the Wall Street Journal reported on another Taylor â€“ Ann â€“ which had installed the Ann Taylor Labor Allocation System, ATLAS.
Ann Taylor spent a year studying labor efficiencies. It established standards for how long it should take for employees to complete certain tasks: three seconds to greet a shopper; two minutes to help someone trying on clothing; 32 seconds to fold a sweater; and most importantly, five minutes to clinch a sale.
The computerized system clocks sales per hour for each employee so that managers can cut back on the hours of less â€œproductiveâ€ employees. â€œEach Wednesday, the new system generates the following weekâ€™s schedules, broken into 15-minute increments for maximum efficiency.â€ Some employees wound up with only a three-hour shift, a ten-hour week.
The consequences were predictable. Labor costs went down, employee dissatisfaction went up. Some workers quit, but that was before the current economic debacle. Strange, but for some reason the workers didnâ€™t like their every minute being measured for efficiency. As John Gibbons, a sort of twenty-first century Taylor, says. â€œThereâ€™s been a natural resistance to thinking about human beings as pieces in a puzzle rather than individuals,â€ but he adds that when it comes to â€œclear methods of measurement [i.e. Taylorism], itâ€™s a natural transition to apply it to human resources as well.â€ Natural somehow isnâ€™t the word I would have chosen for this transition. …
The above linked WSJ article noted that Ann Talyor isn’t the alone in doing this. Five dozen retail chains, including Gap Inc., TJX Cos., Limited Brands Inc., Office Depot Inc., Nike Inc., and Toys “R” Us Inc. are clients of the Operations Workforce Optimization unit of Accenture Ltd., which is at least partly driving this trend.